Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities a study of teen-age Ugandan children. by Jan Hoorweg

Cover of: Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities | Jan Hoorweg

Published by Mouton in The Hague .

Written in English

Read online

Book details

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13684607M

Download Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities

Part of book or chapter of book: Title: Intellectual abilities and protein-energy malnutrition: acute malnutrition VS. chronic undernutrition: Author: Hoorweg, J.C.; Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities book, J.P.

Source: Behavioral effects of energy and protein deficits, - (). This study is concerned with the relation between protein-energy malnutrition and the intellectual abilities of children in Uganda.

The findings are based on the investigation of a group of 60 Ugandan boys and girls who became severely malnourished during the first 27 months of their life, resulting in their admission to the hospital in Kampala.

Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities: a study of teen-age Ugandan children. INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES AND PROTEIN-ENERGY MALNUTRITION; ACUTE MALNUTRITION VS. CHRONIC UNDERNUTRITION Jan Hoorweg, African Studies Center, Leyden, Netherlands, and J.

Paget Stanfield, Social Obstetric and Paediatric Research Unit, Glasgow, Scotland INTRODUCTION The question whether energy-protein malnutrition during early childhood has a lasting influence on intellectual abilities. The effects of protein energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence: Publication Type: Journal Article: Year of Publication: Authors: J.C.

Hoorweg, and J.P. Stanfield: Secondary Title: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology: Volume: Issue: 3: Pagination: - Abstract.

This study is concerned with the relation between protein-energy malnutrition and the intellectual abilities of children in Uganda. The findings are based on the investigation of a group of 60 Ugandan boys and girls who became severely malnourished during the first 27 months of their life, resulting in their admission to the hospital in : J.C.

Hoorweg. The Effects of Protein Energy Malnutrition in Early Childhood on Intellectual and Motor Abilities in Later Childhood and Adolescence Jan Hoorweg African Cited by: Current knowledge and understanding of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) are reviewed in this comprehensive chapter text.

Among the major subjects addressed are: body composition and body water; electrolytes and major minerals; effects of PEM on structure and function of organs; metabolic changes; biochemical measurements for the assessment of PEM; endocrine Cited by: Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is believed to lead to an increased susceptibility to infection, or cause impaired immunity.

Infection, occurring with malnutrition, is a major cause of morbidity in all age groups and is responsible for two-thirds of all death under 5 Cited by: 4.

*Protein-Energy malnutrition: general introduction *Some general questions *Body composition and body water *Electrolytes and major minerals *Effects of PEM on structure and function of organs *Biochemical measurements for the assessment of Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities book *Endocrine changes in severe PEM *Trace elements *Cell membranes and free radicals *Causes of Author: JC Waterlow.

Protein-energy malnutrition. Alleyne. Edward Arnold, - Health & Fitness - pages. 1 Review. From inside the book.

What people are saying - Write a review. User Review - Flag as inappropriate. After readig this book I asked myself the following: How to Lose Weight Fast. How to Lose Weight the Healthy Way. Lose 35 lbs in 4 weeks!3/5(1). The Effects of Protein Energy Malnutrition in Early Childhood on Intellectual and Motor Abilities in Later Childhood and Adolescence.

Jan Hoorweg. African Studies Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author Cited by:   Hoorweg, J. Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities: a study of teen-age Ugandan children. Paris: Mouton S. Gravenhage, Google ScholarCited by: Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM), sometimes called protein-energy undernutrition (PEU), is a form of malnutrition that is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of dietary protein and/or energy in varying proportions.

The condition has mild, moderate, and severe lty: Endocrinology. Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities; a study of teen-age Ugandan children By J.C.

Hoorweg and Rijksuniversiteit Leiden (Netherlands) - Proefschrift (Doctor in de Sociale Wetenschappen). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common childhood disorder and is primarily caused by deficiency of energy, protein, and micronutrients.

PEM manifests as underweight (low body weight compared with healthy peers), stunting (poor linear growth), wasting (acute weight loss), or edematous malnutrition (kwashiorkor).Author: Tahmeed Ahmed, M Iqbal Hossain, Munirul Islam, AM Shamsir Ahmed, M Jobayer Chisti. The effects of protein energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence.

Hoorweg J, Stanfield JP. Three groups of Ugandan children (20 in each group) and one comparison group of 20 children Cited by: Protein Calorie Malnutrition Protein-energy malnutrition is the state of decreased body pools of protein with or without fat depletion, or a state of diminished functional capacity caused at least in part by inadequate nutrient intake relative to nutrient demand.

Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities: a study of teen-age Ugandan children / Jan Hoorweg Early detection and prevention of protein calorie malnutrition / P.

Shah Protein-energy malnutrition in Barbados: the role of continuity of care in management /. Sparse, thin hair: This is a sign of protein-energy malnutrition in particular 26 and of malnutrition in general.

27 Protein starvation leads to the cessation of hair growth, and zinc and iron deficiency can also lead to thin hair. The base rate for this symptom in the sample was %.Cited by: The effects of protein-energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence.

Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology ; 18 – 34 Galler, J, Ramsey, F, Solimano, by: Hypophosphatemia is associated with malnutrition and can result in high mortality, especially upon refeeding. Protein synthesis is reduced, particularly albumin, transferrin, and apolipoprotein B.

Decreased ability to transport fat leads to fatty infiltration of the liver. Gluconeogenesis is reduced. both are currently prominent within the global health agenda: the first ever World Report on Disability was published jointly in by WHO and the World Bank; 5 cost-effective interventions for tackling malnutrition have recently been highlighted in the Lancet Nutrition Series; 9 and Scaling-up Nutrition (SUN), launched inis a major new movement tackling malnutrition Cited by: 1.

Author(s): Hoorweg,Jan; Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden. Afrika-Studiecentrum. Title(s): Protein-energy malnutrition and intellectual abilities: a study. Intellectual abilities and protein-energy malnutrition: acute malnutrition VS.

chronic undernutrition. By J.C. Hoorweg and J.P. Stanfield. Abstract. Three groups of Ugandan children (20 in each group) and one comparison group of 20 children were examined between 11 and 17 years of age. The children in the first three groups had suffered from Author: J.C.

Hoorweg and J.P. Stanfield. Hoorweg J, Stanfield JP. The effects of protein energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence. Dev Med Child Neurol. Jun; 18 (3)– Barr DG, Shmerling DH, Prader A.

Catch-up growth in malnutrition, studied in celiac disease after institution of gluten-free diet. She has completed her PhD in Dairy Microbiology from National Dairy Research Institute, India and worked on research project entitled: Impact of probiotic L.

reuteri LR6 on the gut and systemic immunity using protein energy malnutrition murine model. Besides, she holds Post graduate diploma in Intellectual Property Rights. Psychosomatic health. Ethiop. Med. 25,7. Hoorweg J. and Stanfield J. The effects of protein energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence.

Develop. Med. Child Neurol. 18,Cited by: Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to undernutrition; undernutrition puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections, increases the frequency and severity of such infections, and delays recovery.

The interaction between undernutrition and infection can create a potentially lethal cycle of worsening illness and deteriorating nutritional status.

Children in Kampala, Uganda, admitted to hospital for malnutrition between the ages of 8 and 27 months were matched for age, sex, education and home environment with control children who had not been clinically malnourished. Every effort was made to eliminate factors other than malnutrition.

The malnourished group, when aged 11 to 17 years were smaller than the Cited by: Protein- energy malnutrition (PEM) can be a life-threatening situation, because it can lead to an immune deficiency that increases susceptibility to infections. It appears that cellmediated immunity is the most seriously affected (Parent, Chevalier, Yulles, et al., ).Cited by: Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common problem worldwide and occurs in both developing and industrialized nations.

In the developing world, it is frequently a result of socioeconomic. In an examination of skin biopsy samples taken from 20 children with protein-energy malnutrition (using hematoxylin and eosin staining, as well as staining for collagen, elastic fibers, mucopolysaccharides, and melanin), Thvaraj and Sesikeran found variable degrees of hypertrophy of the stratum corneum with atrophy of both the stratum granulosum and the.

Summary. In developed countries, medical conditions, rather than lack of food, are the main contributors to malnutrition. Undernutrition is especially common in older persons, occurring in 5–12% of community-dwelling older persons, in 30–61% of hospitalized older persons, and in 40–85% of persons in long-term care by: 7.

An essential amino acid that is present in dietary protein in an insufficient amount, thereby limiting the body's ability to build protein.

Complementary Proteins Two or more proteins whose amino acid assortments complement each other in such a way that the essential amino acids missing from one are supplied by the other. Sometimes malnutrition is very mild and causes no symptoms. Other times it can be so severe that the damage it does to the body is permanent, even though you survive.

Poverty, natural disasters, political problems, and war can all contribute to malnutrition and starvation, and not just in developing countries. The other form of protein-energy malnutrition is the condition known as marasmus.

Marasmus involves inadequate intake of both protein and calories. Hence, protein-calorie malnutrition encompasses a group of related disorders that include kwashiorkor, marasmus, and intermediate or mixed states of kwashiorkor and marasmus. protein-energy malnutrition: Definition Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a potentially fatal body-depletion disorder.

It is the leading cause of death in children in developing countries. Description PEM is also referred to as protein-calorie malnutrition. It develops in children and adults whose consumption of protein and energy (measured. Kwashiorkor is a form of severe protein malnutrition characterized by edema and an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates.

It is caused by sufficient calorie intake, but with insufficient protein consumption, which distinguishes it from orkor cases occur in areas of famine or poor food supply. Cases in the developed world are rare. Jamaican pediatrician Cicely Pronunciation: /kwɑːʃiˈɔːrkər/.

the relationship of intellectual health to protein. the ability to choose,comprehend and limits portion of protein intake, the capacity to implement change people at risk for malnutrition(protein energy malnutrition)-homless-working poor -old people-HIV and cancer patients-long stay at the hospital.

Bergen () identified protein-energy malnutrition, dietary micronutrient deficiencies, environmental toxins and lack of early sensory stimulation or the ability to profit from it as major reasons for why there are higher rates of neurobehavioral disorders .C.

Homer, S. Ludwig, Categorization of etiology of failure to thrive Am J Dis Child () J. Hoorweg, J. Stanfield, The effect of protein energy malnutrition in early childhood on intellectual and motor abilities in later childhood and adolescence Develop Med Child Neurol () Cited by: Start studying Proteins: Nutrition & Diet Therapy - Chapter 6.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ability of a nutrient to be readily absorbed and used by the body. protein energy malnutrition (PEM) malnutrition resulting from inadequate.

99528 views Thursday, December 3, 2020